Russian princes

The core of the Russian princely families is formed by the descendants of legendary Varangian chieftain Rurik (+ 879) whose son Igor became the ruler of the first Russian state Kiev-Rus. In the 12th century that state fell apart in several principalities, which became tributary to the Mongols in the 13th century. As of the 15th century one of the principalities – Moscow – started to take over the others and became the new centre of the Russian state.
After the extinction of the princes Odoevsky in 1869 the family Massalsky represents the senior line of the Rurikids. A second group of families descend from Lithuanian Grandduke Gediminas.

DNA research in the period 2006-2008 proved that members of the families Gagarine, Khilkov, Kropotkin, Lobanov-Rostovky, Myshetzky, Poutiatine, Puzyna and Shakhovskoy all shared the same ancestor of Finno-Ugrian origin. Rurik is considered to have come from the area north of Stockholm which in the 4th and 5th century was populated by a Finno-Ugrian people. Members of the family Obolensky and Wolkonsky however had a western Slavic origin. Perhaps the occupation of Kiev in 1069 by King Boleslav II of Poland explains this. The Czetwertynskis are neither Rurikids, their ancestor belongs to the native population of the Belurus-Ukrainian border zone.
Members of the families Czartoryski, Khovansky and Trubetzkoy shared a common ancestor as well, originating in the native Lithuanian population. However the head of the Czartoryski family descends from a Germanic tribe.

The expansion of the Russian Empire east into Siberia and south into the Caucasus led to many regional noble families and even former ruling families to be incorporated into the Russian nobility, making the Russian upper class very diverse from an ethnic point of view.

Rurikids

Principality
Ancestor
Family
Remarks
Tshernigov

Odoevsky
Extinct 1869


Massalsky
Senior representative of the House of Rurik


Koltzov-Massalsky
Extinct 1875


Oginsky
Extinct 1909 (in Poland)


Puzyna
(in Poland)


Gortshakov



Eletsky
Extinct 19th century?


Zvenigorodsky



Bolkhovsky
Extinct 19th century?


Wolkonsky



Bariatinsky



Myshetzky



Obolensky



Repnin
Extinct 1801, continued as sidebranch of Wolkonsky


Tyufyakin
Extinct 1845


Dolgorouky



Stsherbatov

Halich

Drutskoy
Extinct beginning 20th century?


Drutskoy-Sokolinsky



Drutskoy-Lyubetsky (Drucki-Lubecki)
(in Poland)


Babishev
Extinct beginning 19th century


Poutiatine (Putyatin)

Smolensk

Wiazemsky



Kozlovsky
Extinct 1943


Kropotkin



Rjevsky
Extinct 1894


Dashkov
Extinct 1807
Yaroslavl

Trukurov
Extinct 1740


Shshetinin
Extinct 19th century?


Zasekin
Extinct 19th century


Shakhovskoy



Shekhonsky
Extinct 19th century


Lvov



Prozorovsky
Extinct 1869


Dulov

Rostov

Shshepin-Rostovsky
Extinct 1858


Kassatkine-Rostovsky
Extinct 1940


Lobanov-Rostovsky

Belozersk

Belosselsky
Extinct in legitimate line


Vadbolsky
Extinct 19th century?


Sheleshpansky
Extinct 19th century


Ukhtomsky

Starodub

Gagarin



Romodanovsky
Extinct 1730


Khilkov



Gundorov
Extinct 19th century
Turovo-Pinsk

Svyatopolk-Shetvertinsky (Swiatopolk-Czetwertynski)



Sviatopolk-Mirsky


Gediminids

Principality
Ancestor
Family
Remarks


Koriatovitch-Kurtsevitch
Extinct in 19th century?


Galitzine



Kurakine



Khovansky



Trubetzkoy



Czartoryski
(in Poland)


Sanguszko
(in Poland)


Nesvitsky
Extinct 19th century


Vishnevetsky (Wisniowiecki)
Extinct 1744 (in Poland)


Voronetsky (Woroniecki)
(in Poland)


Guedroitz (Giedroyc)

Elevated to princely rank by the Russian Emperor

Title
Created
First holder
Remarks
Menshikov
ca. 1725
Alexander Danilovitch Menshikov (1673-1729)
Extinct 1893
Potemkin-Tavritshevsky
1783
Grigori Alexandrovitch Potemkin (1739-1791)
Extinct 1791
Zubov
2-6-1796
Platon Alexandrovitch Count Zubov (1767-1822)
Extinct 1822
Bezborodko
1797
Alexander Andreievitch Bezborodko (1747-1799)
Extinct 1799
Romodanovsky-Ladyzhensky
8-4-1798
Nikolai Ivanovitch Ladyzhensky (…-1803)
Extinct 1803
Lopoukhine
19-1-1799
Pyotr Vassilievitch Lopoukhine (1753-1827)
Extinct 1873
Italiisky
8-8-1799
Alexander Vassilievitch Count Suvorov-Rymniksky (1729-1800)
Extinct 1893
Smolensky
29-7-1812
Mikhail Ilarionovitch Golenishtshev-Kutusov (1745-1813)
Extinct 1813
Saltykov
1814
Nikolai Ivanovitch Count Saltykov (1736-1816)
Extinct 1941
Razumovsky
18-10-1814
Andrei Kirillovitch Count Razumovsky (1752-1836)
Extinct 1836
Barclay de Tolly
30-8/11-9-1815
Mikhail Barclay de Tolly (1761-1818)
Extinct 1871
Zaionshek
1818
Iossif Zaionshek (1752-1826)
Extinct 1826
Lieven
22-8-1826
Charlotte v. Gaugreben (1743-1828)

Varshavsky
1831
Ivan Feodorovitch Count Paskievitch-Erivansky (1782-1856)
Extinct 1903
Kotschubey
6-12-1831
Victor Pavlovitch Kotschubey (1768-1834)
Extinct 1953
Osten gen. Sacken
8/20-11-1832
Fabian v. der Osten gen. Sacken (1752-1837)
Extinct 1837
Sayn-Wittgenstein
16/28-6-1834
Peter Fürst zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (1769-1873)

Vassiltshikov
1-1-1839
Ilarion Vassilievitch Count Vassiltshikov (1776-1847)

Tshernyshev
1841
Alexander Ivanovitch Count Tshernyshev (1786-1856)
Extinct 1918/19
Vorontzov I
6-8-1845
Mikhail Semenovitch Count Vorontzov (1782-1856)
Extinct 1856
Chingiz
25-6-1847
Sahib Guirey Khan
Extinct 19th century
Orlov
28-11-1856
Alexei Feodorovitch Count Orlov (1786-1861)
Extinct 1961
Barclay de Tolly-Weymarn
17/29-5-1872
Alexander v. Weymarn (1824-1905)
Extinct 1964
Lopoukhine-Demidov
21-1-1876
Nikolai Petrovitch Demidov (1836-1910)

Vorontzov II
7-7-1882

12-2-1886
Paul Andreievitch Count Shuvalov (1846-1885)
Mikhail Andreievitch Count Shuvalov (1850-1903)
Extinct 1903
Youssoupov
1891
Felix Felixovitch Count Soumarokov-Elston (1856-1928)
Extinct 1967
Menshikov-Koreisha
1895/1910
Ivan Nikolaievitch Koreisha (1865-1919?)
Extinct 1919?
Łyszczyńsky-Troekurov
18-5-1916
Vladimir Anselmovitch Łyszczyńsky (1861-1935)


Former (semi) sovereign families incorporated in the Russian nobility with princely rank

Origin
Family
Remarks
Royal House of Georgia
Grouzinsky

Royal House of Imereti
Imeretinsky
Extinct 1978
Princes of Mukhrani
Bagration-Mukhransky

Princes of Mingrelia
Dadian-Mingrelsky
Extinct 1919
Princes of Abkhazia
Chervachidzé (Shervashidze)

Princes of Guria
Gurieli

Khans of Erivan
Erivansky

Khans of Nakhitshevan
Nakhitshevansky

Khans of Maku
Makinsky

Khans of Siberia
Sibirsky
Extinct 1879?
Czarevichs of Kasimov
Kasimovsky
Extinct 1715
Khans of the Crimea
Guirey


Other families incorporated in the Russian nobility with princely rank

Origin
Family
Remarks
Romanian
Cantacuzino


Dabija
Extinct

Kantemir
Extinct 1820

Mavrocordato


Moruzi

Tatar with Russian princely Rank
Mestshersky


Youssoupov
Extinct 1891

Urusov

Tatar with Tatar princely rank
Akchurin
Extinct 19th century

Bayushev
Extinct 19th century

Begildeev


Bibarsov
Extinct 19th century

Dashkin
Extinct 18th century

Devlet-Kildeev


Diveev
Extinct 17th century

Engalytchev


Enikeev


Engildeev
Extinct 17th century

Gedianov
Extinct 17th century

Isheev


Keykuatov
Extinct 20th century?

Kildishev
Extinct 20th century

Kudashev


Kugushev


Kulunchakov
Extinct 1938

Kutkin
Extinct 19th century?

Kutyev


Maksutov


Mamatkazin-Sakaev
Extinct

Mamatov


Mamin
Extinct 18th century

Mamleev
Extinct 19th century?

Mansyrev


Mustafin


Stokasimov
Extinct 20th century?

Tenishev
Extinct 1959

Tshegodaev


Shakhaev
Extinct 1893

Shirinsky-Shikhmatov
Extinct 1999

Yaushev
Extinct 19th century
Kabarda
Tsherkassky

Kalmuk
Dondukov
Extinct 1781, continuation in Dondukov-Korsakov (extinct 1902) and Dondukov-Izyedinov (extinct 1967)
Ostyak
Satygin-Kondiysky
Extinct 19th century
Tunguz
Gantimurov

Indian
Porius-Vizapursky (Bijapur)
Extinct 19th century
Georgian
Abamelek(-Lazarev)


Abashidze


Abkhazov (Abkhazi)


Agiashvili


Amatuni


Amilakhvari


Amirejibov


Andronikov (Andronikashvili)


Apakidze


Argoutinsky-Dolgorouky (Argutashvili)


Asikhmovanov
Extinct 1843?

Babadyshev (Babadishi)


Bebutov (Bebutashvili)


Begtabegov (Begtabegishvili)


Chavchavadze


Cherkezov (Ckerkezishvili)


Chijavadze


Chkeidze


Chkotua
Extinct, title transferred to Chkonia

Cholokaev (Cholokashvili)


Diasamidze


Djaparidze


Djordadze (Georgadze)


Eristov


Gugunava


Guramov (Guramishvili)


Gurgenidze


Javakhov (Javakhishvili)


Karalov (Karalashvili)


Kavkasidzev (Kavkasidze)


Kherkeulidze


Khidirbegov (Khidirbegishvili)


Khodzaminasov (Khojaminasishvili)


Kobulashvili


Lionidze


Lortkipanidze


Machabeli


Machutadze


Magalov (Magalashvili)


Makaev (Makasvili)


Maksimenishvili


Manvelov (Manvelishvili)


Melikov (Melikishvili)


Mikeladze


Mkheidze


Nakashidze


Nizharadze


(Djambakour-)Orbeliani


Palavandov (Palavandishvili)


Pkheidze


Ratiev (Ratishvili)


Robitov (Robitashvili)


Rusiev (Rusishvili)


Saginov (Sagisnashvili)


Shalikov (Shalikashvili)


Sidamon(-Eristov)


Sologashvili


Sumbatov (Sumbatashvili)


Taktakov (Taktakishvili)


Tarkhan-Mouravi (Tarknishvili)


Tavgiridze


Tsereteli


Tsulikidze


Tumanov (Tumanishvili)


Turkestanov (Turkistanishvili)


Tusiev (Tusishvili)


Vachnadze


Vakhvachov (Vakhvachishvili)


Vizirov (Vezirishvili)


Yashvil (Yashvili)


Zhevakhov (Javakhishvili)


Sources
Families of the Nobility of the Russian Empire, volumes I, II, III and IV
Studies in Christian Caucasian History, Cyril Toumanoff 1967)
Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project

4 comments:

  1. Keykuatov's distant hairs ( his sister's line- Novikov's)live in Russia and Canada??

    ReplyDelete
  2. Keykuatov's distant hairs ( his sister's line- Novikov's)live in Russia and Canada??

    ReplyDelete
  3. Mamatkazin-Sakaev distant hairs live in Russia, Uzbekistan and USA.

    ReplyDelete
  4. So Princes Gagarine & Lobanov-Rostovsky are true DNA representatives of the House of Rurik with reliable pedigrees also

    ReplyDelete